The Prefecture of Laconia occupies the southeastern part of the Peloponnese. It has two major mountain ranges: Taygetos (highest peak in the Peloponnese - 2.407 m.) and Parnon (1.961 m.). Between them there is the Valley of Eurotas River and the capital of the prefecture, Sparta. The economy of Laconia is mainly rural, with agricultural products such as olive oil, citrus fruit and wine. The tourism industry is also well-developed since Laconia combines history with beauty. The castle town of Mystras is part of the World Heritage of UNESCO while the fortified rock of Monemvasia is one of the most famous tourist attractions of the region.. Moreover, the region of Parnon with its wild natural beauty, countless peaks, valleys and gorges, dense forests and rare fauna is integrated in the European network Natura 2000. The coasts of Laconia attract many visitors in the summer, while the small island of Elafonisos with its turquoise waters is a popular destination.
Sparta, the capital of the prefecture, was built near the location of ancient Sparta following a decree of King Otto in 1834. Sparta has a perfect town planning, tree lined avenues, beautiful parks and neoclassical buildings. Other important towns of the prefecture are Gytheio, which was the port of ancient Sparta, Areopolis, Neapolis and Molai.