Taygetus is a relatively narrow mountain range with a 115 km. ridge. Its maximum width is 30 km and it covers a total area of 2.500 kilometers. It is divided into three massifs: North Taygetus, central Taygetus and Mount Tainaro or Saggia. One of the southernmost peaks is Prophet Ilias (2407m). Heading north, there are the peaks of Sidirokastro (2228m), Spanakaki (2024m), Neraidovouni (2025m), Goupata (2031m), Athanati Rachi (2360m ), Chalasmeno (2203m), Laganas (1517m), Lepenou (1733m), Grammeni (1597m), Gouves (1852m), the Neraidovracho (1660m) and Xerouvounia (1852m). The peak of Prophet Elias is the highest point of Mount Taygetus and of the entire Peloponnese.

The beauty of the mountain range of Taygetus is attributed to its morphology since it contains numerous canyons and cliffs. As a result, it is a favorite destination for those who like hiking.

Taygetus is characterized by four climatic zones: the low zone (up to 700 meters) with a summer climate from May to October, the mountainous zone (750 - 1650m) with winter climate from December to March, the subalpine zone (1650 - 2000m) with a summer climate only at the end of June, and the alpine zone (2000+ m), which is covered with a layer of snow most of the year.

According to Greek mythology, Taygetus was named after nymph Taygeti, one of the Atlantides (daughters of Atlas), who came to this mountain to put an end to life after she was forced by Zeus to sleep with him. Also, according to Hesychius of Alexandria (Grammarian of the 5th century AD) the name comes from the word “Ταϋς” (pronounced Tays and meaning “great”) and the root – “γα” (ga).

The rare flora of Taygetus includes more than 700 species of plants despite the fires that have broken out many times. There are 28 kinds of local endemic plants and 120 kinds which can be seen on other Greek mountains as well. The flora of Taygetus is affected by the climatic zones of the mountain.